Document Detail

Effects of high-level dietary B-vitamins on performance, body composition and tissue vitamin contents of growing/finishing pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17217385     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Forty-eight growing pigs were randomly assigned to five dietary groups and penned individually. They received a diet based on barley, wheat, corn and soya bean meal according to requirement. The experimental groups were supplemented with 400% or 800% of vitamins B(2), B(6) and pantothenic acid, or 400% or 800% of biotin, while all other vitamins were administered according to requirement. Growth performance, carcass characteristics, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and content of vitamins in blood, liver and muscles were recorded. Growth performance showed no influence of supplementation, while backfat thickness in the group with 800% B(2)/B(6)/pantothenic acid was significantly higher. Content of B(2) in blood, liver and muscle was similar in all groups. Content of B(6) in blood and liver showed significant differences according to supplementation. The content of vitamin B(6) in muscle in the experimental groups was significantly higher than that in the control group. The content of pantothenic acid in blood and muscle in the experimental groups was significantly higher, while in liver all groups were significantly influenced by the supplementation level. Biotin content in liver showed no influence, but the content in plasma was significantly higher in the experimental groups and the content in muscle was significantly higher according to supplementation. The activity of AST showed no significant influence of the dietary vitamin level, but it was obviously decreased in the groups supplemented with biotin. The findings indicate that the dietary supplementation of vitamin B(2), B(6), pantothenic acid and biotin could not improve performance, but the contents in blood, liver and muscle.
B M Böhmer; D A Roth-Maier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0931-2439     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-12     Completed Date:  2007-03-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101126979     Medline TA:  J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl)     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Animal Nutrition, TU Munich, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed*
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Biotin / metabolism,  pharmacology
Body Composition / drug effects*,  physiology
Dietary Supplements
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Liver / metabolism
Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
Nutritional Requirements
Organ Specificity
Pantothenic Acid / metabolism,  pharmacology
Riboflavin / metabolism,  pharmacology
Swine / growth & development*,  metabolism
Vitamin B 6 / metabolism,  pharmacology
Vitamin B Complex / metabolism*,  pharmacology*
Weight Gain
Reg. No./Substance:
12001-76-2/Vitamin B Complex; 58-85-5/Biotin; 79-83-4/Pantothenic Acid; 8059-24-3/Vitamin B 6; 83-88-5/Riboflavin

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