Document Detail


Effects of haemorrhage and volume expansion on portal-systemic collateral vascular resistance in conscious portal hypertensive rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2155748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. In order to study the acute effects of blood volume changes on the vascular resistance of portal-systemic collaterals (collateral vascular resistance), a model of total portal vein occlusion with 100% portal-systemic shunts was developed in the rat. In this model, we determined the haemodynamic effects of haemorrhage (1.8 ml/100 g body weight) or intravenous infusion of a volume expander (1.8 ml/100 g body weight). Cardiac output and regional blood flows were measured by the radioactive microsphere method. 2. Haemorrhage significantly reduced arterial pressure from 108 +/- 4 to 92 +/- 4 mmHg (mean +/- SEM), cardiac output from 56 +/- 4 to 24 +/- 2 ml min-1 100 g-1 body weight, portal pressure from 15.1 +/- 1.5 to 10.0 +/- 1.4 mmHg and portal tributary blood flow from 19.9 +/- 2.3 to 8.3 +/- 1.4 ml/min. Consequently, collateral vascular resistance significantly increased from 6.6 +/- 0.9 x 10(3) to 11.1 +/- 2.0 x 10(3) kPa 1(-1) s. 3. Volume expansion reduced arterial pressure from 98 +/- 3 to 90 +/- 3 mmHg, and significantly increased cardiac output from 43 +/- 3 to 55 +/- 3 ml min-1 100 g-1 body weight, portal pressure from 13.9 +/- 0.7 to 16.5 +/- 0.8 mmHg and portal tributary blood flow from 16.4 +/- 1.3 to 28.2 +/- 3.2 ml/min. Consequently, collateral vascular resistance significantly decreased from 7.0 +/- 0.5 x 10(3) to 4.9 +/- 0.4 x 10(3) kPa l-1 s. 4. This study shows that in rats with portal hypertension, portal-systemic collateral vascular resistance is modified by alterations in blood volume.
Authors:
A Koshy; T Sekiyama; J M Cereda; A Hadengue; C Girod; D Lebrec
Related Documents :
10371058 - Do alterations in the rate of gastric emptying after injection sclerotherapy for oesoph...
7713818 - Measurement of intestinal vascular capacitance in dogs: an application of blood pool sc...
20118678 - Kupffer cell activation by hydrogen peroxide: a new mechanism of portal pressure increase.
19629688 - Duplex doppler ultrasound examination of the portal venous system: an emerging novel te...
8913208 - Comparison of volume control and pressure control ventilation: is flow waveform the dif...
3884898 - Effect of positive-end expiratory pressure on accuracy of thermal-dye measurements of l...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical science (London, England : 1979)     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0143-5221     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-26     Completed Date:  1990-04-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905731     Medline TA:  Clin Sci (Lond)     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  193-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Unité de Recherches de Physiopathologie Hépatique (INSERM U-24), Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure / physiology
Blood Volume / physiology*
Collateral Circulation / physiology*
Disease Models, Animal
Heart Rate / physiology
Hemorrhage
Hypertension, Portal / physiopathology*
Ligation
Male
Portal System / physiology*
Portal Vein / surgery
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Vascular Resistance / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effects of circulating endogenous catecholamines on plasma glucose, potassium and magnesium.
Next Document:  Cation transport across lymphocyte plasma membranes in euthyroid and thyrotoxic men with and without...