Document Detail

Effects of genetic strain and light intensity on blood physiological variables of broilers grown to heavy weights.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24706975     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The effects of genetic strain, light intensity, and their interaction were examined on blood physiological variables of broilers maintained in environmentally controlled rooms in each of 5 trials. The study consisted of a 2 × 5 factorial arranged in a randomized complete block design with 10 treatments of 2 strains (Ross × Ross 308 and 708) and exposure to 5 light intensities (25, 10, 5, 2.5, and 0.2 lx) with chicks equally and randomly distributed at 1 d of age. The 5 light intensities were randomly assigned from 22 to 56 d of age. Feed and water were provided ad libitum. Venous blood samples were collected on d 21 (base line), 28, 42, and 56 of age. Main effects indicate that Ross × Ross 308 significantly (P ≤ 0.05) increased BW, partial pressure of CO2, Ca(2+), Na(+), Cl(-), and thyroxine, along with significantly (P ≤ 0.05) reduced pH level, partial pressure of O2, HCO3(-), and triiodothyronine in comparison with Ross × Ross 708. No main effect of light intensity was observed on all examined variables. In addition, no significant main effects were observed for strain, light intensity, or their interaction on saturated O2, hematocrit, hemoglobin, K(+), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, glucose, osmolality, and anion gap. Physiologically, although Ross × Ross 308 had a significantly increased BW in comparison with Ross × Ross 708, Ross × Ross 708 showed a significant (P ≤ 0.05) increase in partial pressure of O2 and triiodothyronine along with lower blood partial pressure of CO2 and thyroxine. The results of this study supplement current knowledge of physiological response to differing lighting levels and may be used to establish the normal blood values for commercial broilers grown to heavy weights. Plasma corticosterone was not affected by either treatments or strain, indicating that the treatments did not induce physiological stress in broilers.
H A Olanrewaju; J L Purswell; S D Collier; S L Branton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  970-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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