Document Detail


Effects of gas and moisture on modeling of bioreactor landfill settlement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18951007     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This manuscript describes a model that can predict settlement at variable moisture and pressure conditions as encountered in bioreactor landfills. In this model mechanical compression of municipal solid waste (MSW) was accounted with the help of laboratory compression tests. To model biodegradation-induced settlement, biodegradation of MSW was assumed to obey a first order decay equation. Richards equation was used to model moisture transport in the waste mass and mass balance was used to link settlement with gas pressure. The functionality of the numerical formulation was examined using a hypothetical bioreactor landfill. Four scenarios were analyzed to demonstrate how the proposed model can be used to analyze the settlement behavior of bioreactor landfills as well as dry landfills. The model predicted higher strains when moisture and gas pressures were incorporated into the settlement process. Results also indicated that the prediction capability of a MSW settlement model can be improved by coupling the settlement mechanisms with the generation and dissipation of gas pressure and the moisture distribution. The model is also able to predict landfill density values, and the predicted MSW wet density after 25 years agreed reasonably with those reported in literature.
Authors:
Hiroshan Hettiarachchi; Jay Meegoda; Patrick Hettiaratchi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-10-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Waste management (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0956-053X     ISO Abbreviation:  Waste Manag     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-14     Completed Date:  2009-04-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9884362     Medline TA:  Waste Manag     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1018-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Civil Engineering, Lawrence Technological University, 21000 West Ten Mile Road, Southfield, MI 48075, USA. hiroshan@ltu.edu <hiroshan@ltu.edu>
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pressure
Algorithms
Biodegradation, Environmental
Bioreactors*
Cities
Environmental Monitoring
Gases*
Humidity*
Models, Theoretical*
Refuse Disposal*
Temperature
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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