Document Detail


Effects of fluoridated milk on artificial enamel carious lesions: A pH cycling study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21907756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between concentration of fluoride in milk and its re-mineralizing efficacy, and to test whether increasing the volume of fluoridated milk has any effect on its re-mineralizing efficacy. METHODS: Third molars were painted leaving a 1mm window on the buccal and/or lingual surfaces. Artificial carious lesions were induced using a de-mineralizing solution. The teeth were then sectioned longitudinally. Specimens were randomly assigned to 15 groups according to different concentrations and volume; i.e. 2.5ppm, 5ppm, 7.5ppm, 10ppm, 15ppm, 20ppm, and 250ppm of fluoride with 25ml/section and 50ml/section. De-ionized water and plain milk were used as controls. Sections were subjected to pH cycling for 20 days. Polarized light microscopy and micro-radiography were utilized to record the lesion characteristics before and after pH cycling. RESULTS: Mean lesion depths decreased significantly in all the fluoride groups, and increased significantly in the control groups. There were no differences in percentage of lesion depth decrease when the volume was doubled for the same fluoride concentration. There were also no statistically significant differences between percentages of decrease in lesion depth when the concentration of fluoride in milk was increased. CONCLUSION: Fluoridated milk demonstrated a remineralization efficacy on early enamel carious lesions. A 2.5ppm fluoride milk concentration provided similar remineralization potential to that of higher fluoride concentration in milk.
Authors:
A Itthagarun; S Verma; R Lalloo; N M King; J S Wefel; R G Nair
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dentistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-176X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0354422     Medline TA:  J Dent     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Affiliation:
School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Griffith University, Australia.
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