Document Detail


Effects of film mulch and soil pesticides on nematodes, weeds, and yields of vegetable crops.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19300735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Field plots in Tifton loamy sand were treated with various soil pesticides in 1973 and 1974 and either left exposed or covered with biodegradable flint mulch. Test crops were cantaloup, slicing and pickling cucumber, squash, and sweet corn. Overhead sprinkler irrigation was used in 1973, and trickle irrigation under the film mulch was used on sweet corn in 1974. Soil was assayed for nematodes, and roots of plants were evaluated for damage by root-knot nematodes. Nematode populations were reduced by soil treatment with an organic phosphate or carbamate nematicide-herbicide-fungicide combination (NHF), DD-MENCS, methyl bromide-chloropicrin (MBR-CP), ethoprop, carbofuran, and sodium azide + ethoprop or carbofuran. Sodium azide, sodium azide + ethoprop or carbofuran, ethoprop, and carbofuran were less effective than DD-MENCS, MBR-CP, attd the NHF combination. The NHF combination controlled grasses and broadteaf weeds as effectively as the herbicide alone. Growth and yield were greatest when nematodes and weeds were controlled. Yields of marketable vegetables were highest from plants in plots treated with DD-MENCS with a film mulch.
Authors:
A W Johnson; C A Jaworski; N C Glaze; D R Sumner; R B Chalfant
Related Documents :
18330535 - Common volatiles are major attractants for neonate larvae of the specialist flea beetle...
17750235 - Plant chemistry and the evolution of host specificity: new evidence from heliconius and...
19319265 - Xiphinema americanum as affected by soil organic matter and porosity.
12507485 - Influence of the host plant on occluded virus production and lethal infectivity of a ba...
24025535 - Polybrominated diphenyl ethers occurrence in major inflowing rivers of lake chaohu (chi...
21713565 - Effects of a coumarin derivative, 4-methylumbelliferone, on seed germination and seedli...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nematology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0022-300X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nematol.     Publication Date:  1981 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-20     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9884299     Medline TA:  J Nematol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Description of Trilineellus clathrocutis n.g., n.sp. (Tylenchorhynchinae: Tylenchida Thorne, 1949) w...
Next Document:  Influence of water and soil temperature on the concentration and efficacy of phenamiphos for control...