Document Detail


Effects of expiratory resistive load on respiratory motor output in conscious humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3121575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined, in five conscious human subjects, the steady-state effects of expiratory resistive loading (ERL; R = 8 cmH2O.l-1.s) on the time course of inspiratory and postinspiratory muscle activities (IA and PIA, respectively) and ventilatory pattern during quiet breathing. Driving pressure (DP) was calculated by means of a respiratory neuromechanical model (J. Appl. Physiol. 51: 963-989, 1981) that permitted the derivation, from tidal volume and flow, of the occlusion pressure equivalent (at functional residual capacity) of respiratory neural output throughout the breath. ERL caused a prolongation of both neural inspiratory duration (12.2 +/- 6.9% SD) and expiratory duration (25.0 +/- 10.1%) and an increase in the amplitude of DP (16.5 +/- 10.2%) without any changes in the waveshape of IA and in end-expiratory level. The relative time course of PIA was not altered by ERL. Minute ventilation was depressed (-6.75 +/- 2.88%) during ERL with little change in alveolar PCO2. The results indicate that pulmonary gas exchange may be improved during ERL through increased tidal volume as well as delayed expiratory lung emptying secondary to sustained PIA.
Authors:
C S Poon; M Younes; C G Gallagher
Related Documents :
21150145 - Treatment options for the management of exercise-induced asthma and bronchoconstriction.
2707405 - Effects of rebreathing conditions and body size on normal human lung tissue volume.
7224355 - The effects of inspiratory muscle training on exercise performance in chronic airflow l...
2912335 - Voluntary versus reflex regulation of maximal exercise flow: volume loops.
1188285 - Urinary albumin excretion during exercise in juvenile diabetes. a provocation test for ...
24285965 - The efficacy of exercise programs for parkinson's disease: tai chi versus combined exer...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  63     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1987 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-01-27     Completed Date:  1988-01-27     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1837-45     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo 58105.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Airway Resistance*
Breath Tests
Carbon Dioxide / analysis,  blood
Female
Humans
Male
Pressure
Respiration*
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory Muscles / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-32030/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-39794/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Effects of voluntary constraining of thoracic displacement during hypercapnia.
Next Document:  Antiarrhythmic agents diminish thiourea-induced pulmonary vascular protein leak in rats.