Document Detail


Effects of exogenous leptin on satiety and satiation in patients with lipodystrophy and leptin insufficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15356018     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To examine leptin's role in human appetite regulation, we studied recombinant methionyl human leptin's effects on satiation and satiety in a model of leptin insufficiency, lipodystrophy. Eight females with hypoleptinemia and lipodystrophy were given sc injections of A-100 (maximal dose, 200% of that predicted to normalize serum leptin) for 4 months. Satiation and satiety were determined before and again during leptin treatment. Satiation was measured as the time to voluntary cessation of eating from a standardized food array after a 12-h fast. Satiety was determined as the time to hunger sufficient to consume a full meal after consumption of a standardized preload. During leptin treatment, satiation time decreased (41.2 +/- 18.2 to 19.5 +/- 10.6 min; P = 0.01), satiety time increased (62.9 +/- 64.8 to 137.8 +/- 91.6 min; P = 0.04), energy consumed to produce satiation decreased (2034 +/- 405 to 1135 +/- 432 kcal or 8.5 +/- 1.7 to 4.7 +/- 1.8 MJ; P < 0.01), and the amount of food desired in the postabsorptive state decreased (P < 0.02). Ghrelin concentrations also decreased during leptin administration (284.3 +/- 127.9 to 140.6 +/- 104.5 pmol/liter; P < 0.002). We conclude that increased leptin in patients with lipodystrophy results in less caloric, shorter, more satiating meals and longer-lived satiety. These data support the hypothesis that leptin plays an important, permissive role in human appetite regulation.
Authors:
Jennifer R McDuffie; Patti A Riggs; Karim A Calis; Renee J Freedman; Elif A Oral; Alex M DePaoli; Jack A Yanovski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0021-972X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2004 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-09-09     Completed Date:  2004-10-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375362     Medline TA:  J Clin Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4258-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Unit on Growth and Obesity, Developmental Endocrinology Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1862, USA. yanovskj@mail.nih.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Energy Metabolism
Female
Humans
Leptin / deficiency*,  therapeutic use*
Lipodystrophy / drug therapy*,  metabolism,  psychology
Satiation / drug effects*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01-DK-54387/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; Z01 HD000641-12/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; Z99 HD999999/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; ZO1-HD-00641/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Leptin
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2004 Sep;89(9):4254-7   [PMID:  15356017 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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