Document Detail


Effects of exercise treatment with or without heat and steam generating sheet on urine loss in community-dwelling Japanese elderly women with urinary incontinence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21545385     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim:  To determine the effects of exercise treatment with or without heat and steam generating sheet (HSGS) on reducing urine loss in community-dwelling elderly women with urinary incontinence (UI). Methods:  One hundred and forty-seven community-dwelling women aged 70 years and older with stress, urge and mixed UI were randomly assigned to exercise + HSGS (n = 37), exercise only (n = 37), HSGS only (n = 37) or an education group (n = 36). Exercise + HSGS, and exercise groups received exercise training twice a week for 3 months. When the HSGS was placed on the lower back, the temperature of the skin surface rose to 38-40°C and it continued to generate heat and steam for over 5 h. The HSGS group used one sheet per day continuously for 3 months. Urine loss and fitness data were collected at baseline and after intervention. Results:  The intervention groups showed significant improvements in muscle strength and walking speed compared to the education group. Exercise and HSGS showed urine loss cure rates of 54.1%, exercise 34.3% and HSGS 21.6% after treatment; whereas, the education group (2.9%) showed no significant improvement (χ(2) =21.89, P < 0.001). Combining the HSGS to the exercise intervention showed a 61.5% cure rate for stress UI, 50.0% urge UI and 40.0% mixed UI. Conclusion:  This data suggests that exercise treatment with HSGS is more effective for treating urine loss regardless of UI type. The HSGS can be used as a supplementary treatment method to enhance the effects of exercise on women with urge, mixed and stress UI. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2011; 11:••-••.
Authors:
Hunkyung Kim; Hideyo Yoshida; Takao Suzuki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Geriatrics & gerontology international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1447-0594     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101135738     Medline TA:  Geriatr Gerontol Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Japan Geriatrics Society.
Affiliation:
Research Team for Promoting Independence of the Elderly, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo National Institute for Longevity Sciences, Aichi, Japan.
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