Document Detail


Effects of exercise training on airway closure in asthmatics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22744971     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We previously reported that responsiveness to methacholine (Mch) in the absence of deep inspiration (DI) decreased in healthy subjects after a short course of exercise training. We assessed whether a similar beneficial effect of exercise on airway responsiveness could occur in asthmatics. Nine patients (male/female: 3/6; mean age ± SD: 24 ± 2 yr) with mild untreated asthma [forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)): 100 ± 7.4% pred; FEV(1)/vital capacity (VC): 90 ± 6.5%] underwent a series of single-dose Mch bronchoprovocations in the absence of DI in the course of a 10-wk training rowing program (6 h/wk of submaximal and maximal exercise), at baseline (week 0), and at week 5 and 10. The single-dose Mch was established as the dose able to induce ≥ 15% reduction in inspiratory vital capacity (IVC) and was administered to each subject at every challenge occasion. Five asthmatics (male/female: 1/4; mean age ± SD: 26 ± 3 yr) with similar baseline lung function (FEV(1): 102 ± 7.0% predicted; FEV(1)/VC: 83 ± 6.0%; P = 0.57 and P = 0.06, respectively) not participating in the exercise training program served as controls. In the trained group, the Mch-induced reduction in IVC from baseline was 22 ± 10% at week 0, 13 ± 11% at week 5 (P = 0.03), and 11 ± 8% at week 10 (P = 0.028). The Mch-induced reduction in FEV(1) did not change with exercise (P = 0.69). The reduction in responsiveness induced by exercise was of the same magnitude of that previously obtained in healthy subjects (50% with respect to pretraining). Conversely, Mch-induced reduction in IVC in controls remained unchanged after 10 wk (%reduction IVC at baseline: 21 ± 20%; after 10 wk: 29 ± 14%; P = 0.28). This study indicates that a short course of physical training is capable of reducing airway responsiveness in mild asthmatics.
Authors:
Nicola Scichilone; Giuseppe Morici; Daniele Zangla; Rita Arrigo; Irene Cardillo; Vincenzo Bellia; Maria Rosaria Bonsignore
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-06-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1522-1601     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-03     Completed Date:  2013-07-08     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  714-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Pulmonology, DIBIMIS University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Asthma / physiopathology*,  therapy*
Bronchoconstrictor Agents / pharmacology
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume / drug effects,  physiology*
Humans
Inspiratory Capacity / drug effects,  physiology
Male
Methacholine Chloride / pharmacology
Spirometry / methods
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bronchoconstrictor Agents; 62-51-1/Methacholine Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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