Document Detail

Effects of an exercise and scheduled-toileting intervention on appetite and constipation in nursing home residents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14978607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of an exercise and scheduled-toileting intervention on appetite and constipation in nursing home (NH) residents. METHODS: A controlled, clinical intervention trial with 89 residents in two NHs. Research staff provided exercise and toileting assistance every two hours, four times per day, five days a week for 32 weeks. Oral food and fluid consumption during meals was measured at baseline, eight and 32 weeks. Bowel movement frequency was measured at baseline and 32 weeks. RESULTS: The intervention group showed significant improvements or maintenance across all measures of daily physical activity, functional performance, and strength compared to the control group. Participants in both groups consumed an average of approximately 55% of meals at all three time points (approximately 1100 calories/day) with no change over time in either group. There was also no change in the frequency of bowel movements in either group, which averaged less than one in two days for both groups; and, approximately one-half of all participants had no bowel movement in two days. CONCLUSIONS: An exercise and scheduled-toileting intervention alone is not sufficient to improve oral food and fluid consumption during meals and bowel movement frequency in NH residents.
S F Simmons; J F Schnelle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of nutrition, health & aging     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1279-7707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Health Aging     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-23     Completed Date:  2004-08-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100893366     Medline TA:  J Nutr Health Aging     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  116-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Geriatrics, Borun Center for Gerontological Research, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 91335, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Constipation* / prevention & control
Defecation / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Geriatric Nursing
Nursing Homes*
Physical Endurance
Physical Fitness
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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