Document Detail

Effects of exercise and food restriction on body composition and metabolic rate in obese women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3661479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Obese women (140-180% of ideal body weight) were studied on a metabolic ward during 1 wk of maintenance feeding, followed by 5 wk of 800 kcal/d (liquid formula diet). Five subjects participated in a supervised program of daily aerobic exercise and three subjects remained sedentary. Total weight loss was not different between exercising and nonexercising subjects but significantly more of the weight loss came from fat and less from fat-free mass in the exercising subjects. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) declined similarly in both groups (approximately 20%), even though exercising subjects were in greater negative energy balance due to the added energy cost of exercise. In summary, results from this controlled inpatient study indicate that exercise is beneficial when coupled with food restriction because it favors loss of body fat and preserves fat-free mass.
J O Hill; P B Sparling; T W Shields; P A Heller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1987 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-11-13     Completed Date:  1987-11-13     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  622-30     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Clinical Nutrition Research Unit, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232.
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MeSH Terms
Body Composition*
Body Height
Body Weight
Diet, Reducing*
Dietary Fats / metabolism
Energy Intake
Energy Metabolism*
Obesity / diet therapy*
Physical Exertion*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

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