Document Detail


Effects of exercise and creatine on myosin heavy chain isoform composition in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16881064     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is not known whether myosin heavy chain (MHC) content changes in response to exercise training or creatine supplementation in subjects with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). Based on previous data, we hypothesized that resistance exercise and creatine would increase the percentage of type I MHC composition in the vastus lateralis muscle and that myosin isoform changes would correlate with improved chair rise-time in CMT subjects. To test this hypothesis, 18 CMT subjects were randomly assigned to either a placebo or creatine group. All subjects performed a 12-week, home-based, moderate-intensity resistance training program. Chair rise-time was measured before and after the training program. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis before and after the 12-week program. Gel electrophoresis showed a significant decrease (approximately 30%) in MHC type I in CMT subjects given creatine supplementation when compared with placebo. There was a nonsignificant increase in both MHC type IIa (approximately 23%) and MHC type IIx (approximately 7%) in CMT subjects given creatine. Reduced MHC type I content and increased MHC type IIa content correlated with faster chair rise-times (i.e., improved muscle performance). The training-induced change in MHC IIa content was inversely correlated with chair rise-time in CMT subjects given creatine. When the two subject groups were combined, there was a linear, negative relationship between the change in MHC type IIa content and chair rise-time after training and a positive relationship between the training-induced change in MHC type I content and chair rise-time. These data suggest that improved function (chair rise-time) was associated with a lower level of MHC type I and increased MHC type IIa composition. Furthermore, the data are consistent with the hypothesis that creatine supplementation alters MHC composition in CMT patients undergoing resistance training and that MHC changes associated with creatine supplementation can improve muscle function.
Authors:
Cheryl A Smith; Robert D Chetlin; Laurie Gutmann; Rachel A Yeater; Stephen E Alway
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Muscle & nerve     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0148-639X     ISO Abbreviation:  Muscle Nerve     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-16     Completed Date:  2006-12-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803146     Medline TA:  Muscle Nerve     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  586-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Muscle Biology and Sarcopenia, Division of Exercise Physiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Biopsy
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / metabolism*,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Creatine / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Dietary Supplements
Double-Blind Method
Exercise Test
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Exercise Tolerance / drug effects,  physiology
Humans
Middle Aged
Muscle Contraction / drug effects,  physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects*,  metabolism,  physiopathology
Myosin Heavy Chains / genetics,  metabolism*
Physical Fitness / physiology
Protein Isoforms / genetics,  metabolism
Quadriceps Muscle / drug effects,  metabolism,  physiopathology
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Myosin Heavy Chains; 0/Protein Isoforms; 57-00-1/Creatine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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