Document Detail

Effects of epidural anesthesia on newborns and their mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7238154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of epidural anesthesia on newborns were studied using a sample of babies from mothers having (a) little or no medication during childbirth (N = 15), (b) epidurals with bupivacaine (N = 20), and (c) epidurals in combination with oxytocin to stimulate labor (N = 20). Outcome measures included assessments of neonatal behavior (Brazelton Scale), mother-baby interaction during feeding, and mothers' perceptions of their babies' behavior during the first month after delivery. Effects of drugs on the neonatal behavior were strongest on the first day. By the fifth day, there was evidence of behavioral recovery, but the medicated babies continued to exhibit poor state organization. At 1 month, examiners observed few differences between groups, but unmedicated mothers reported their babies to be more sociable, rewarding, and easy to care for, and these mothers were more responsive to their babies' cries. The importance of the first encounters with a disorganized baby in shaping maternal expectations and interactive styles was discussed.
A D Murray; R M Dolby; R L Nation; D B Thomas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1981 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-08-10     Completed Date:  1981-08-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Epidural*
Arousal / drug effects
Infant, Newborn*
Length of Stay
Maternal Behavior
Mother-Child Relations*
Motor Activity / drug effects

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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