Document Detail


Effects of epidural anesthesia on newborns and their mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7238154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of epidural anesthesia on newborns were studied using a sample of babies from mothers having (a) little or no medication during childbirth (N = 15), (b) epidurals with bupivacaine (N = 20), and (c) epidurals in combination with oxytocin to stimulate labor (N = 20). Outcome measures included assessments of neonatal behavior (Brazelton Scale), mother-baby interaction during feeding, and mothers' perceptions of their babies' behavior during the first month after delivery. Effects of drugs on the neonatal behavior were strongest on the first day. By the fifth day, there was evidence of behavioral recovery, but the medicated babies continued to exhibit poor state organization. At 1 month, examiners observed few differences between groups, but unmedicated mothers reported their babies to be more sociable, rewarding, and easy to care for, and these mothers were more responsive to their babies' cries. The importance of the first encounters with a disorganized baby in shaping maternal expectations and interactive styles was discussed.
Authors:
A D Murray; R M Dolby; R L Nation; D B Thomas
Related Documents :
12760404 - Recommended amikacin doses in newborns often produce excessive serum levels.
19182764 - Effect of zinc on growth of preterm babies.
3120364 - Ophthalmia neonatorum in a semi-rural african community.
22121314 - Acute gastric volvulus: late-onset ischemic consequences and their management.
2686934 - Succinylcholine and atropine for premedication of the newborn infant before nasotrachea...
821754 - Intravenous nitrition of babies and infants.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child development     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0009-3920     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Dev     Publication Date:  1981 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-08-10     Completed Date:  1981-08-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372725     Medline TA:  Child Dev     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  71-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anesthesia, Epidural*
Arousal / drug effects
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn*
Length of Stay
Male
Maternal Behavior
Mother-Child Relations*
Motor Activity / drug effects
Pregnancy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Attachment and early maltreatment.
Next Document:  Stability of individual differences of neonatal motor and crying patterns.