Document Detail


Effects of epidural anesthesia on catecholamines, renin activity, and vasopressin changes induced by tilt in elderly men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3883849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, plasma catecholamines, renin activity, and vasopressin changes induced by a 30-degree head-up tilt were studied before and during epidural anesthesia with bupivacaine in eight elderly patients (ages 58-82 yr). The tilt performed before epidural anesthesia did not modify mean arterial pressure, heart rate, plasma catecholamines, renin activity, and vasopressin at 5 and 15 min. During epidural anesthesia, the superior level of analgesia ranged from T4 to T10. Epidural anesthesia induced significant (P less than 0.05) decreases from control values in mean arterial pressure and plasma norepinephrine (from 85 +/- 6 to 67 +/- 8 mmHg and from 600 +/- 108 to 307 +/- 77 pg/ml, respectively, mean +/- SEM) without significant changes in heart rate, plasma epinephrine, renin activity, and vasopressin. However 5 and 15 min after tilt, significant decreases from pretilt values were measured in mean arterial pressure (from 67 +/- 8 to 57 +/- 6 and 55 +/- 6 mmHg, respectively) and in heart rate (from 70 +/- 8 to 63 +/- 7 and 62 +/- 7 beats/min). Simultaneously, an increase in plasma vasopressin (from 14.8 +/- 5.5 to 36.2 +/- 10.3 and 40.0 +/- 10.5 pg/ml) was recorded, whereas plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine remained unchanged. Posttilt plasma renin activity values at 5 and 15 min were increased significantly when compared with the preepidural values (2,752 +/- 1,168, 2,410 +/- 1,214 and 713 +/- 190 pg X ml-1 X h-1, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
C Ecoffey; A Edouard; W Pruszczynski; E Taly; K Samii
Related Documents :
9819159 - Hormonal changes during a 20-week confinement.
16169319 - Effects of eplerenone versus losartan in patients with low-renin hypertension.
6354529 - Reversal of renovascular hypertension.
8931839 - Inhibition of erythrocyte na,k-atpase activity during anticipatory hypoventilation in m...
1071659 - Sympathotonia in primary hypertension and in a caricature resembling dysautonomia.
10100079 - The effects of different types and doses of oestrogen replacement therapy on clinic and...
16386829 - Insufficient efficacy of intravenous ketanserin in severe early-onset pre-eclampsia.
17510299 - Raising end-expiratory volume relieves air hunger in mechanically ventilated healthy ad...
20006699 - Transition from compensated hypertrophy to systolic heart failure in the spontaneously ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesiology     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0003-3022     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesthesiology     Publication Date:  1985 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-04-12     Completed Date:  1985-04-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1300217     Medline TA:  Anesthesiology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  294-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Anesthesia, Epidural*
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Catecholamines / blood*
Epinephrine / blood
Heart Rate / drug effects
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Norepinephrine / blood
Posture*
Renin / blood*
Vasopressins / blood*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Catecholamines; 11000-17-2/Vasopressins; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine; EC 3.4.23.15/Renin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Protamine: a review of its toxicity.
Next Document:  Isolation practices: a historical perspective.