Document Detail


Effects of electric arc welding on ventilatory lung function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  475460     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Respiratory symptoms, spirometry, forced expiratory flows, and the nitrogen closing volume test were studied in 119 welders and 90 controls, matched with respect to age, height, and smoking habits. Respiratory symptoms according to a questionnaire were more prevalent in the welders. No short-term changes of the measured variables during the day or week attributable to welding were found in twenty-one nonsmoking welders. Compared to the controls, closing volume and closing capacity (i. e., closing volume + residual volume) were significantly higher, and total lung capacity and the amplitude of the cardiogenic oscillations in the nitrogen curve were significantly lower in the welders who were nonsmokers or exsmokers, whereas there were no differences among smokers. These findings in welders may be attributable to deposition of welding fume particles in peripheral small airways or alveoli.
Authors:
H Oxhoj; B Bake; H Wedel; L Wilhelmsen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of environmental health     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0003-9896     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Environ. Health     Publication Date:    1979 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-10-24     Completed Date:  1979-10-24     Revised Date:  2006-04-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0212627     Medline TA:  Arch Environ Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerosols
Age Factors
Air Pollutants, Occupational
Closing Volume
Dust
Humans
Lung / physiopathology
Lung Diseases / etiology*
Occupational Diseases / etiology*
Residual Volume
Respiration*
Smoking / complications
Total Lung Capacity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0/Dust

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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