Document Detail


Effects of an educational intervention on residents' knowledge and attitudes toward interactions with pharmaceutical representatives.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9346461     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To assess primary care resident and faculty knowledge and attitudes concerning interactions between physicians and pharmaceutical representatives (PRs) and to measure changes in residents' knowledge and attitudes after an educational intervention, we conducted preintervention and postintervention surveys with a causal-comparative group in a university-based primary care residency program. All primary care internal medicine and internal medicine-pediatrics residents and faculty were given the voluntary survey. In general, residents and faculty demonstrated similar responses for the preintervention survey. Differences between faculty and resident opinions were seen in two areas. Faculty were more likely than residents to believe that PRs sometimes use unethical marketing practices (p < .05) and that the amount of contact with PRs in the outpatient clinic is excessive (p < .01). The postintervention survey of residents demonstrated significant differences between the control and intervention groups for three attitude scales. After the intervention, residents showed an increased belief that PRs may use unethical marketing practices (p < .01), that marketing gifts with no patient benefit may be inappropriate (p = .05), and that other physicians' prescribing patterns could be negatively influenced through the acceptance of gifts (p < .05). A brief educational intervention can change resident attitudes concerning physician interactions with PRs.
Authors:
J A Hopper; M W Speece; J L Musial
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of general internal medicine     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0884-8734     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gen Intern Med     Publication Date:  1997 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-11-21     Completed Date:  1997-11-21     Revised Date:  2009-02-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8605834     Medline TA:  J Gen Intern Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  639-42     Citation Subset:  E; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich. 48201, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Data Collection
Drug Industry*
Drug Information Services
Education, Medical, Continuing
Ethics
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Internal Medicine / education*
Internship and Residency*
Interprofessional Relations*
Primary Health Care
United States
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
PE15262/PE/BHP HRSA HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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