Document Detail


Effects of early home environment on the mental development of Down syndrome infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6449868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Changes in the mental development, as assessed with the Griffiths Mental Developmental Scales, of 37 Down syndrome infants over a 6-month period were correlated with scores obtained on the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory. Three HOME Inventory subscales, Organization of Physical and Temporal Environment, Opportunities for Variety in Daily Stimulation, and Maternal Involvement, were significantly related to the Griffiths Personal-Social Scale. A stepwise discriminant analysis composed of three subscale scores from the HOME Inventory (Organization of Physical and Temporal Environment, Provision of Appropriate Play Materials, and Maternal Involvement) differentiated the infants into two groups according to the degree of decline in the total developmental quotient. The minimal decline group was associated with a better organization of the physical and temporal environment. Scores on the HOME Inventory obtained in infancy can be used to help predict the amount of decline in measured mental functioning in Down syndrome infants.
Authors:
M C Piper; M K Ramsay
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of mental deficiency     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0002-9351     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Ment Defic     Publication Date:  1980 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-02-19     Completed Date:  1981-02-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372647     Medline TA:  Am J Ment Defic     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living
Child Development
Child Rearing*
Down Syndrome / therapy*
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mother-Child Relations*
Play and Playthings
Punishment

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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