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Effects of doxorubicin on myocardial expression of apolipoprotein-B.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22204553     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective antitumor agent against a variety of human malignancies but is associated with deleterious side effects, including myocardial damage and heart failure. Myocardial apoB-containing lipoprotein (apoB) is upregulated post myocardial infarction and has been shown to be cardioprotective in this setting by unloading excessive lipid. The aim of this study was to investigate whether apoB expression is increased also in DOX-induced heart failure and whether apoB overexpression protects the heart in DOX-induced myocardial injury. Design: Cardiac function and energy metabolism was studied in mice and rats 24 hours after intraperitoneally administered DOX. Results: We found that the content of apoB was decreased in rat myocardium 24 hours after DOX injection. In contrast, apoB content was increased in the infarcted myocardium of rats 24 hours post ischemia-reperfusion. Moreover, transgenic mice overexpressing apoB had better cardiac function and lower intracellular lipid accumulation compared to wild type mice 24h post DOX. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that depression of the myocardial apoB system may contribute to DOX-induced cardiac injury and that overexpression of apoB is protective, not only in ischemically damaged myocardium, but also in DOX-induced heart failure.
Authors:
Bjorn Redfors; Yangzhen Shao; Truls Råmunddal; Malin Lindbom; Margareta Scharin Täng; Pia Stillemark-Billton; Jan Boren; Elmir Omerovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian cardiovascular journal : SCJ     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2006     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9708377     Medline TA:  Scand Cardiovasc J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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