Document Detail


Effects of dimethindene maleate nasal spray on the quality of life in seasonal allergic rhinitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14579656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the H1-receptor antagonist dimethindene maleate (DMM), topically applied, is able to improve the quality of life (QoL) in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis better than placebo. METHODS: The study was a multi-centre, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded phase III trial including 157 patients. Two parallel groups received either DMM nasal spray or placebo for 2 weeks. Patients answered 5 QoL questionnaires (Rhinoconjunctivitis QoL Questionnaire (LQ-AR), Munich Life Dimension List (MLDL), Profile of Mood States (POMS), 2 Visual Analogue Scales (VAS-QoL, VAS-GES)) on days 1, 4, 8, and 15. RESULTS: QoL improved significantly in all scales and groups. Statistically significant differences between groups were achieved in the sub-scales LQ-AR Eye Symptoms and Daily Activities, MLDL Total, POMS Depression and Energy, VAS-QoL and VAS-General Health. All differences favoured the DMM group and were present initially but disappeared in visit 4, except MLDL Total and POMS Energy. Almost all other scores had a better tendency of DMM. CONCLUSION: A significant improvement of QoL was found in both groups. Only weak differences between groups (in favour of DMM) were found. There are several reasons explaining this outcome, mainly the rainy weather during the study period (mean weather index 10-20% less sunny than in previous seasons).
Authors:
C H Kirchhoff; B Kremer; S Haaf-von Below; H J Kyrein; R Mösges
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rhinology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0300-0729     ISO Abbreviation:  Rhinology     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-28     Completed Date:  2003-12-23     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0347242     Medline TA:  Rhinology     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  159-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Plastic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Intranasal
Adolescent
Aged
Dimethindene / administration & dosage*
Double-Blind Method
Female
Histamine H1 Antagonists / administration & dosage*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Quality of Life*
Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal / drug therapy*
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Histamine H1 Antagonists; 5636-83-9/Dimethindene

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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