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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23044934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT:: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 3 different volume of resistance training (RT) on maximum strength and average power in college team sport athletes with no previous resistance training experience. 32 subjects (20 men and 12 women, age = 23.1± 1.57 yrs) were randomly divided into 4 groups: Low volume (n=8); 1 set per exercise and 3 sets per muscle group, moderate (n=8); 2 sets per exercise and 6 sets per muscle group, high (n=8); 3 sets per exercise and 9 sets per muscle group and a non RT-training control group (n=8). The 3 intervention groups trained for 6 weeks thrice weekly following a nonperiodized RT program differentiated only by the volume. Before (T1) and after training (T2), 1RM and maximal average power (AP) produced on the bench press (BP), upright row (UR) and squat (SQ) were assessed by progressive resistance tests. 1RM-BP and 1RM-UR increased significantly in the three interventions groups (p< 0.05), while only the high volume group significantly improved 1RM-SQ (p<0.01). Moderate and high volume groups increased AP-BP (p<0.05) while only low volume improved AP-SQ (p<0.01). Moderate effect sizes (ES; >0.20 < 0.60) were observed for the 1RM-BP and 1RM-UR in the three training groups. High volume group showed the larger ES for 1RM-BP (0.45), 1RM UR (0.60) and 1RM SQ (0.47) whereas low volume group produced the higher ES for SQ-AP (0.53). During the initial adaptation period, a high volume RT program appears to be a better strategy for improving strength while during the season a low volume RT could be a reasonable option for maintaining strength and enhancing lower-body AP in team sport athletes.
Fernando Naclerio; Avery D Faigenbaum; Eneko Larumbe-Zabala; Txomin Perez-Bibao; Jie Kang; Nicholas A Ratamess; N Travis Triplett
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Center of Sports Sciences and Human Performances, School of Sciences. University of Greenwich (UK) 2Health and Exercise Science Department. The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ 3Department of Fundaments of Motricity and Training, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, European University of Madrid (UEM) 4Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina.
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