Document Detail


Effects of different mechanical treatments on nasal resistance assessed by rhinometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9674465     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of three treatments aiming to reduce nasal airflow resistance (NR): an external nasal strip device (Respir+), an internal nasal mechanical dilator (Nozovent), and a topical decongestant (Pernazène). NR was estimated by active posterior rhinometry at both a 0.5 L/s flow (NRF) and a 1 cm H2O pressure (NRP), under four conditions: in the basal state, with Respir+, with Nozovent, and after treatment with Pernazène. The efficacy of each treatment was assessed by the percentage changes in NRF and NRP (%NRF and %NRP, respectively). The study was performed in 15 healthy subjects. The efficacy of the treatments was significantly different, depending on whether it was evaluated by NRF or by NRP (p<0.02), with %NRF and %NRP values, respectively, equal to the following: 88+/-20% and 91+/-14% with Respir+, 58+/-17% and 70+/-13% with Nozovent, and 55+/-29% and 69+/-22% with Pernazène. NRF remained unchanged with Respir+, whereas it significantly decreased with Nozovent and Pernazène (p<0.0001). No significant difference was observed between the effects of the two latter treatments. These results demonstrate that Nozovent, which involves no risk of side effects or drug interactions, is an effective treatment to improve nasal breathing. Nozovent might therefore be recommended as an alternative to topical decongestants, for certain subjects presenting with nasal obstruction.
Authors:
A M Lorino; F Lofaso; I Drogou; F Abi-Nader; E Dahan; A Coste; H Lorino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  114     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  1998 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-08-05     Completed Date:  1998-08-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  166-70     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
INSERM U 296 et Service de Physiologie, Explorations Fonctionnelles, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Intranasal
Adolescent
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists / administration & dosage,  pharmacology
Adult
Airway Resistance / drug effects,  physiology*
Dilatation
Drug Interactions
Equipment Design
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nasal Decongestants / administration & dosage,  pharmacology
Nasal Obstruction / drug therapy,  therapy
Nose / drug effects,  physiology*
Pressure
Pulmonary Ventilation / drug effects,  physiology
Rheology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic alpha-Agonists; 0/Nasal Decongestants

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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