Document Detail

Effects of dietary phytase on performance and nutrient metabolism in chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18409088     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
1. A broiler growth study was conducted to compare the effect of different concentrations of an Escherichia coli-derived phytase on performance, apparent metabolisable energy (AME), nitrogen (N), amino acid and mineral metabolisability, sialic acid excretion and villus morphology when fed to broiler chickens. 2. Female Ross 308 broilers (480) were reared in floor pens from 0 to 28 d of age. All birds were fed on nutritionally complete starter (0 to 21 d of age) and grower diets (21 to 28 d of age) with the exception that they were low in P (28 and 23 g/kg available P, respectively). These maize-soy diets were supplemented with 0, 250, 500 or 2500 phytase units (FTU)/kg feed. 3. Between 21 and 28 d of age, two birds from each floor pen were selected, and each pair placed in one of 32 metabolism cages (two birds per cage). Feed intake was recorded and excreta collected for the last 2 d of the feeding period, and AME, N, amino acid and mineral metabolisability coefficients and endogenous losses were determined following a total collection procedure. 4. Feed intake and weight gain increased in a linear manner in response to phytase dose, with an average increase of approximately 11.7 and 13.5%, respectively, compared with chickens fed on the low-P diet. Birds given diets with 2500 FTU weighed 6.6% more and had a 2.4% higher feed conversion efficiency (FCE) than those fed on diets containing 500 FTU. 5. Enzyme supplementation increased the intake of AME and metabolisable N by 10.3 and 3.9%, respectively, principally through increases in feed intake. Birds given enzyme-supplemented diets also improved their intake of metabolisable amino acids and P by approximately 14 and 12.4%, respectively, compared with birds fed on the control diet. Enzyme supplementation did not affect ileal villus morphometry of the birds.
V Pirgozliev; O Oduguwa; T Acamovic; M R Bedford
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British poultry science     Volume:  49     ISSN:  1466-1799     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-14     Completed Date:  2008-05-01     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15740290R     Medline TA:  Br Poult Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  144-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
ASRC, Edinburgh, Scotland.
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MeSH Terms
6-Phytase / administration & dosage*
Amino Acids / analysis
Animal Feed / analysis
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Chickens / growth & development*,  metabolism*
Escherichia coli / enzymology
Feces / chemistry
Minerals / analysis
Weight Gain
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Minerals; EC

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