Document Detail


Effects of dietary non-digestible oligosaccharides on microbial characteristics of ileal chyme and faeces in weaner pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12462914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS), which are non-digestible oligosaccharides (NDO), were included at 10 and 40 g/kg in an NDO--free control diet at the expense of purified cellulose. Each of the 5 diets was fed to 4 weaner pigs and microbial characteristics of their ileal chyme and faeces were assessed. The NDO-pigs had lower ileal pH than the control pigs. Dietary NDO did not affect the ileal volatile fatty acid concentration, though FOS-pigs had a higher concentration of lactic acid and relatively more iso-valeric acid and less acetic acid than TOS-pigs. The NDO-pigs had lower ileal aerobic bacterial counts than the control pigs, whilst the FOS-pigs had a larger ileal anaerobic bacterial counts than the TOS-pigs. The NDO-pigs had an higher faecal pH and their faecal volatile fatty acid pool contained relatively more iso-butyric acid and iso-valeric acid than the control pigs. The TOS-pigs tended to have higher faecal anaerobic bacterial counts and had a smaller concentration of faecal volatile fatty acid than the FOS-pigs. We concluded that whilst effects at the faecal level may have been partly due to a reduced intake of cellulose, dietary NDO can exert precaecal prebiotic effects in weaner pigs.
Authors:
J G M Houdijk; R Hartemink; M W A Verstegen; Marlou W Bosch
Related Documents :
11767214 - Reduction of dehydroerythorbic acid in vitamin c-deficient guinea pigs.
8243054 - Comparative studies in molecular stability of immunoglobulin g from different species.
2774654 - Allergic contact dermatitis to ginkgo biloba l.: relationship with urushiol.
3672534 - Biochemical effects on combined gases of nitrogen dioxide and ozone. i. species differe...
24221574 - The biosynthesis and conjugation of indole-3-acetic acid in germinating seed and seedli...
887004 - Gastric acid secretion in chronic atrophic gastritis and chronic (superficial) gastritis.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archiv für Tierernährung     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0003-942X     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Tierernahr     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-04     Completed Date:  2003-01-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217641     Medline TA:  Arch Tierernahr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-307     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Animal Nutrition Group, Wageningen Institute of Animal Sciences (WIAS), Wageningen University, The Netherlands. j.houdijk@ed.sac.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
Digestion
Fatty Acids, Volatile / analysis
Feces / chemistry,  microbiology*
Gastrointestinal Contents / chemistry,  microbiology
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Ileum / chemistry,  microbiology*
Male
Oligosaccharides / administration & dosage*
Random Allocation
Swine / metabolism*,  microbiology
Weaning
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Fatty Acids, Volatile; 0/Oligosaccharides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Reproductive performance of sows supplemented with dietary L-carnitine over three reproductive cycle...
Next Document:  Effects of supplemental fructooligosaccharides plus mannanoligosaccharides on immune function and il...