Document Detail

Effects of developmental care on behavioral organization in very-low-birth-weight infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8337159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to determine whether modifying care to reduce stressors in the neonatal intensive care unit and support infant development affected physiological, motor, and behavioral state organization. Twenty-one infants weighing less than 1501 g were studied prior to a nursing staff-training program (control) and 24 infants were studied posttraining (study). Nurses were taught to lower environmental stress, reduce procedural stress, and facilitate motor and sleep-wake organization. Oxygen saturation, motor activity, posture, and sleep-wake states were measured biweekly during routine care. Study infants showed higher oxygen saturation levels, fewer disorganized and jerky movements, more flexor movements, more flexed posture, and more alert-wakefulness than controls. Results suggest that this approach to care may have potential to improve behavioral organization during the preterm period.
P T Becker; P C Grunwald; J Moorman; S Stuhr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nursing research     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0029-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Nurs Res     Publication Date:    1993 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-08-25     Completed Date:  1993-08-25     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376404     Medline TA:  Nurs Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  214-20     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; N    
School of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
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MeSH Terms
Behavior* / physiology
Child Development* / physiology
Gestational Age
Infant Care* / methods
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
Neonatal Nursing / methods
Stress, Physiological / nursing,  physiopathology,  prevention & control

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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