Document Detail


Effects of cyanosis and hypothermic circulatory arrest on lung function in neonatal lambs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10475419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Lung function is often impaired after cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), particularly in chronically cyanotic patients. This study aimed to evaluate lung function in a surgically created chronic cyanotic neonatal lamb model after CPB and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) and to assess the role of nitric oxide (NO) in the pathogenesis of increased pulmonary vascular resistance. METHODS: A chronic cyanosis model was surgically created in 7 lambs (4.7+/-0.8 days old) by anastomosing the pulmonary artery (PA) to the left atrium (LA). Another 7 lambs underwent a sham operation (control). One week later, the animals underwent shunt takedown and CPB with 90 minutes of DHCA at 18 degrees C. Cardiac index (CI), pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI), lung dynamic compliance (Cdyn), alveolar-arterial oxygen difference (AaDO2), left atrial plasma nitrate/nitrite (NO metabolites) levels, and pulmonary cGMP production (concentration difference between LA and PA) were measured before CPB and at 1 and 2 hours after reperfusion. RESULTS: The cyanosis model consistently produced significantly lower arterial oxygen tension (34.8+/-2.3 vs 93.1+/-8.8 torr in control, p < 0.001) and Qp/Qs (0.6+/-0.1 vs 1.0+/-0.0 in control, p < 0.001) than controls. Postoperative PVRI was significantly lower in the cyanosis group than in controls, although CPB with DHCA significantly elevated PVR in both cyanotic and control animals. There were no significant differences in AaDO2 and Cdyn after CPB between groups. The level of NO metabolites did not change before or after CPB in either cyanotic or acyanotic animals. NO metabolite levels tended to be higher in the cyanotic animals (p = 0.08). There was no significant difference in pulmonary cGMP production between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that CPB with DHCA, per se, does not affect NO production in cyanotic or acyanotic neonatal lambs but causes increased PVR in both groups. Chronic cyanosis does not result in reduced pulmonary function after CPB with DHCA, and is associated with lower PVR. The mechanism may involve an increased NO production in cyanotic animals.
Authors:
M Nagashima; U Stock; G Nollert; J Sperling; D Shum-Tim; S Hatsuoka; J E Mayer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  1999 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-15     Completed Date:  1999-09-15     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  499-504; discussion 504-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Cardiac Output / physiology
Cardiopulmonary Bypass*
Chronic Disease
Cyanosis / physiopathology*
Cyclic GMP / blood
Disease Models, Animal
Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology
Heart Arrest, Induced*
Lung / blood supply*
Lung Compliance / physiology
Nitrates / blood
Nitric Oxide / physiology*
Nitrites / blood
Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity / physiology
Sheep
Vascular Resistance / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Nitrates; 0/Nitrites; 10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide; 7665-99-8/Cyclic GMP

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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