Document Detail

Effects of the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and foods on serum concentrations of carotenoids, retinol and tocopherols in healthy inhabitants living in a rural area of Hokkaido.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1749107     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The relationship between serum concentrations of carotenoids, tocopherols and retinol and the consumption of cigarettes, alcohol and foods was investigated in 835 healthy inhabitants (aged 35-79 years) of a rural area of Hokkaido. Serum concentrations of beta-carotene (BC), alpha-carotene (AC), lycopene (LY), beta-cryptoxanthin (BX), zeaxanthin (including lutein, ZX), canthaxanthin (CX) and beta-tocopherol (including gamma-tocopherol, BT) were higher in females than in males, while serum retinol (RE) concentrations were lower. Serum alpha-tocopherol (AT) concentrations were the same for both sexes. The serum values of BC, BX, AC, LY and ZX for males were inversely associated with the consumption of cigarettes in multiple-regression analysis. The serum values of BC, AC and BX for males were inversely associated with alcohol consumption, while serum RE values were positively related to alcohol consumption for both sexes. There were significant relations between serum values of BC, AC, and ZX and the intake frequencies of carrots, tomatoes, milk and/or green-leaf vegetables, especially for females, and between serum BX values and the intake of oranges, juices and fruits. Serum RE and AT concentrations were not associated with any food intake, and BT concentrations were associated with the intake of tomatoes and juices for males.
Y Ito; Y Shima; J Ochiai; M Otani; R Sasaki; S Suzuki; N Hamajima; H Ogawa; K Aoki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0021-5082     ISO Abbreviation:  Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi     Publication Date:  1991 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-01-17     Completed Date:  1992-01-17     Revised Date:  2011-07-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417457     Medline TA:  Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  874-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Hygiene, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking*
Carotenoids / blood*
Middle Aged
Reference Values
Regression Analysis
Rural Health
Smoking / blood*
Vitamin A / blood*
Vitamin E / blood*
Reg. No./Substance:
11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E; 36-88-4/Carotenoids

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