Document Detail


Effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers on lipid metabolism and gluconeogenesis in monolayer cultures of bovine hepatocytes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14765812     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective was to determine the effects of linoleic acid and different isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) at different concentrations on hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism in the bovine. Monolayer cultures of hepatocytes obtained from 7- to 10-d-old Holstein bull calves were exposed to treatments from 16 to 64 h after plating. The treatments included 1.0 mM palmitic acid plus either 0.1 or 1.0 mM of cis-9, cis-12 linoleic acid, cis-9, trans-11 CLA, or trans-10, cis-12 CLA. Metabolism of palmitic acid to cellular triacylglycerol (TAG) was decreased when media contained cis-9, trans-11 compared with trans-10, cis-12 CLA. Total cellular TAG content was increased for the CLA isomers compared to cis-9, cis-12 linoleic acid. Both CLA isomers increased palmitic acid incorporation into phospholipids, cholesterol, and media triacylglycerol compared with cis-9, cis-12 linoleic acid at a concentration of 1.0 mM. Increasing the concentration of treatment fatty acids from 0.1 to 1.0 mM decreased oxidation of palmitic acid to acid-soluble products, but no effects of fatty acids were observed. There was no treatment effect on rates of gluconeogenesis from propionic acid. Overall, CLA isomers elicited changes in palmitic acid metabolism to cellular and media triacylglycerol, and cellular phospholipids and cholesterol, but had little or no effect on other measured pathways of lipid metabolism or gluconeogenesis in bovine hepatocytes.
Authors:
D G Mashek; R R Grummer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0022-0302     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-09     Completed Date:  2004-04-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cattle / metabolism*
Cells, Cultured
Cholesterol / metabolism
Gluconeogenesis / drug effects*
Hepatocytes / drug effects*,  metabolism
Linoleic Acids, Conjugated / pharmacology*
Lipid Metabolism*
Male
Oxidation-Reduction
Palmitic Acid / metabolism
Phospholipids / metabolism
Rats
Triglycerides / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Linoleic Acids, Conjugated; 0/Phospholipids; 0/Triglycerides; 57-10-3/Palmitic Acid; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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