Document Detail


Effects of congenital hearing loss and cochlear implantation on audiovisual speech perception in infants and children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20404405     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Cochlear implantation has recently become available as an intervention strategy for young children with profound hearing impairment. In fact, infants as young as 6 months are now receiving cochlear implants (CIs), and even younger infants are being fitted with hearing aids (HAs). Because early audiovisual experience may be important for normal development of speech perception, it is important to investigate the effects of a period of auditory deprivation and amplification type on multimodal perceptual processes of infants and children. The purpose of this study was to investigate audiovisual perception skills in normal-hearing (NH) infants and children and deaf infants and children with CIs and HAs of similar chronological ages.
METHODS: We used an Intermodal Preferential Looking Paradigm to present the same woman's face articulating two words ("judge" and "back") in temporal synchrony on two sides of a TV monitor, along with an auditory presentation of one of the words.
RESULTS: The results showed that NH infants and children spontaneously matched auditory and visual information in spoken words; deaf infants and children with HAs did not integrate the audiovisual information; and deaf infants and children with CIs initially did not initially integrate the audiovisual information but gradually matched the auditory and visual information in spoken words.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that a period of auditory deprivation affects multimodal perceptual processes that may begin to develop normally after several months of auditory experience.
Authors:
Tonya R Bergeson; Derek M Houston; Richard T Miyamoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Restorative neurology and neuroscience     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1878-3627     ISO Abbreviation:  Restor. Neurol. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-20     Completed Date:  2010-07-13     Revised Date:  2013-04-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005499     Medline TA:  Restor Neurol Neurosci     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indiana, IN 46202, USA. tbergeso@indiana.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation / methods
Auditory Perception / physiology*
Child, Preschool
Cochlear Implantation / methods*
Female
Hearing Loss / congenital,  therapy*
Humans
Infant
Male
Photic Stimulation / methods
Speech Perception / physiology*
Visual Perception / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R21DC06682/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; T32DC00012/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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