Document Detail

Effects of community occupational therapy on quality of life, mood, and health status in dementia patients and their caregivers: a randomized controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17895439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Cure of dementia is not possible, but quality of life of patients and caregivers can be improved. Our aim is to investigate effects of community occupational therapy on dementia patients' and caregivers' quality of life, mood, and health status and caregivers' sense of control over life. METHODS: Community-dwelling patients aged 65 years or older, with mild-to-moderate dementia, and their informal caregivers (n = 135 couples of patients with their caregivers) were randomly assigned to 10 sessions of occupational therapy over 5 weeks or no intervention. Cognitive and behavioral interventions were used to train patients in the use of aids to compensate for cognitive decline and caregivers in coping behaviors and supervision. Outcomes, measured at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks, were patients' and caregivers' quality of life (Dementia Quality of Life Instrument, Dqol), patients' mood (Cornell Scale for Depression, CSD), caregivers' mood (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D), patients' and caregivers' health status (General Health Questionnaire, GHQ-12), and caregivers' sense of control over life (Mastery Scale). RESULTS: Improvement on patients' Dqol overall (0.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.6-.1, effect size 1.3) and caregivers' Dqol overall (0.7; 95% CI, 0.5-.9, effect size 1.2) was significantly better in the intervention group as compared to controls. Scores on other outcome measures also improved significantly. This improvement was still significant at 12 weeks. CONCLUSION: Community occupational therapy should be advocated both for dementia patients and their caregivers, because it improves their mood, quality of life, and health status and caregivers' sense of control over life. Effects were still present at follow-up.
Maud J L Graff; Myrra J M Vernooij-Dassen; Marjolein Thijssen; Joost Dekker; Willibrord H L Hoefnagels; Marcel G M Olderikkert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1079-5006     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-26     Completed Date:  2007-11-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502837     Medline TA:  J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1002-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Research Group of Allied Health Care, Department of Allied Health Care Disciplines, Occupational Therapy 897, University Medical Center Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Caregivers / psychology*
Community Health Services
Dementia / physiopathology,  psychology*,  rehabilitation*
Health Status
Middle Aged
Occupational Therapy*
Quality of Life

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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