Document Detail


Effects of combinations of ochratoxin A and T-2 toxin on immune function of yellow-feathered broiler chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19211518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The study was to investigate the effects of combinations of ochratoxin A (OTA) and T-2 toxin on immune function of yellow-feathered broiler chickens. Three-hundred sixty 21-d-old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to 3 groups, each group consisting of 4 duplicates each with 30 chickens. The 3 groups were fed the following diets for 3 wk: C, basal diet (control, mycotoxin-free); L, basal diet + 0.25 mg/kg of OTA, 0.5 mg/kg of T-2 toxin; and H, basal diet + 0.5 mg/kg of OTA, 1 mg/kg of T-2 toxin. Body weight and feed consumption of chickens in the H group decreased significantly (P < 0.05) during the study, but their efficiency of feed utilization was not affected. The feeding of OTA-T-2 toxin diets decreased not only the relative weight of spleen, thymus, and bursa of Fabricius, but also serum concentrations of total protein, albumin, and globulin. Meanwhile, the feeding of OTA-T-2 toxin diets elevated the activities of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase, asparate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase. The results of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium reduction assay indicated that the mitogenic responses of peripheral blood lymphocytes were diminished significantly (P < 0.05 for L group; P < 0.01 for H group). Flow cytometry was employed to determine 3 indexes in peripheral blood lymphocyte of broilers, including CD4(+)/CD3(+), CD8(+)/CD3(+), and CD4(+)/CD8(+). Both toxin treatments significantly decreased (P < 0.01) CD4(+)/CD3(+) and CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratios. In summary, the combination of OTA and T-2 toxin impaired chick immune function even at combined concentrations as low as 0.25 mg/kg of OTA and 0.5 mg/kg of T-2 toxin.
Authors:
G H Wang; C Y Xue; F Chen; Y L Ma; X B Zhang; Y Z Bi; Y C Cao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-12     Completed Date:  2009-04-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  504-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, P. R. China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bursa of Fabricius / drug effects
Chickens
Feathers
Female
Leukocytes / metabolism
Mitogens / metabolism
Ochratoxins / toxicity*
Poultry Diseases / chemically induced*,  immunology
Spleen / drug effects
T-2 Toxin / toxicity*
Thymus Gland / drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Mitogens; 0/Ochratoxins; 21259-20-1/T-2 Toxin; 303-47-9/ochratoxin A

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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