Document Detail


Effects of cimetidine upon gastric secretion and mucosal blood flow in the rat stressed by restraint. A dose-response and prophylaxis trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6102785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of the histamine-H2-receptor blocking agent cimetidine (CT) on gastric secretion, mucosal blood flow (MBF), and gastric mucosal stress ulcer index was studied in rats (n = 96) during control conditions (3.9, 15.6, 62.4 microMol/kg/h CT i.p. over 8 h) with calculation of kinetic constants (Vmax; Km) for gastric secretion, MBF and ulcer index, it is shown that CT actions become considerably modified by severe stress. Under mild stress the reduction of MBF and acid secretion by increasing CT doses is parallel. Severe stress alone reduces MBF more than gastric acid (65 vs. 30%). This phenomenon is partly reversed by a dose of 62.4 microMol/kg/h (= 16 mg/kg/h), which is associated with the lowest ulcer index observed. There is no significant correlation between the latter and either acid concentration, acid output, or MBF. The concentrations of pepsin in gastric juice or of serum gastrin neither change with severe stress alone or with additional CT. It is concluded that CT has anti-stress ulcer properties coinciding with reduced acidity in the gastric lumen, but that in addition this beneficial effect may be mediated by factors other than acid reduction.
Authors:
J Hemmer; P O Schwille; W Schellerer; W Hofmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in experimental medicine. Zeitschrift für die gesamte experimentelle Medizin einschliesslich experimenteller Chirurgie     Volume:  176     ISSN:  0300-9130     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Exp Med (Berl)     Publication Date:  1980  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1980-06-16     Completed Date:  1980-06-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0324736     Medline TA:  Res Exp Med (Berl)     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cimetidine / therapeutic use*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Gastric Mucosa / blood supply,  drug effects*,  secretion
Guanidines / therapeutic use*
Histamine H2 Antagonists / therapeutic use*
Humans
Male
Rats
Stomach Ulcer / etiology,  prevention & control*
Stress, Psychological / complications*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Guanidines; 0/Histamine H2 Antagonists; 51481-61-9/Cimetidine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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