Document Detail


Effects of cigarette smoking on hematological parameters and von Willebrand factor functional activity levels in asymptomatic male and female Arab smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18287800     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at determining the effects of cigarette smoking based on gender, on several hematological parameters and von Willebrand factor protein in the asymptomatic Arab population of Kuwait. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety-two subjects participated in this study: 55 males (31 smokers and 24 nonsmokers) and 37 females (18 smokers and 19 nonsmokers). Complete blood count results were obtained using Beckman Coulter Hematology Analyzer. Von Willebrand factor functional activity was determined using an enzyme-linked immunoassay-based test in which anti-von Willebrand factor IgG monoclonal antibody was used that recognizes a functional epitope of the protein. The coagulation profile was obtained using ACL 9000 coagulation analyzer. RESULTS: Male smokers had significantly higher levels of white blood cell count (p = 0.03) and von Willebrand factor protein levels (p = 0.029), and a significantly shorter thrombin time (p = 0.019) than nonsmokers. Smoking did not appear to affect any of the parameters analyzed in females as no significant difference was found between smokers and nonsmokers (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results showed that smoking affected white blood cell count and von Willebrand factor levels in males and not in females, and as such could be potential markers for smoking-induced endothelial damage in asymptomatic Arab male smokers.
Authors:
Anwar M Al-Awadhi; Suad M AlFadhli; Nada Y Mustafa; Prem N Sharma
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-02-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1423-0151     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Princ Pract     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-21     Completed Date:  2008-03-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8901334     Medline TA:  Med Princ Pract     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kuwait University, Kuwait. alawadhi@hsc.edu.kw
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Arabs*
Atherosclerosis / blood,  ethnology,  etiology,  prevention & control*
Biological Markers / blood
Blood Coagulation Tests
Case-Control Studies
Early Diagnosis
Endothelium, Vascular / injuries*
Female
Humans
Kuwait
Leukocyte Count
Linear Models
Male
Sex Factors
Smoking / adverse effects*,  blood,  ethnology
von Willebrand Factor / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/von Willebrand Factor

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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