Document Detail


Effects of chronic treatment with ramipril, a new ACE blocking agent, on presynaptic sympathetic nervous system of SHR.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3038397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acute administration of captopril has been reported to decrease noradrenaline (NA) release from the sympathetic nerves. In this study the chronic effects of ramipril on the sympathetic nervous system of male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) have been investigated and compared to those of captopril and enalapril. As parameters for catecholamine biosynthesis and storage, the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase and the catecholamine content of the hearts and the adrenal medulla were measured by HPLC in treated and control SHR. To assess sympathetic outflow plasma NA and adrenaline (A) levels were determined during preganglionic stimulation (PS) of the spinal cord. Under none of these drugs could differences be observed between the treated and control animals, neither in the biosynthesis and storage of catecholamines in the heart and adrenal medulla nor in the sympathetic outflow. However, the dose response curves of blood pressure vs PS were significantly shifted to the right when ACE-inhibitors were administered, most strongly by ramipril. In view of the unaltered presynaptic sympathetic function long term treatment with ACE-inhibitors is suggested to increase bradykinin and angiotensin I. Bradykinin and angiotensin I are capable of releasing NA and A from the adrenal medulla, like angiotensin II.
Authors:
P Dominiak; A Elfrath; D Türck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental hypertension. Part A, Theory and practice     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0730-0077     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Exp Hypertens A     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-08-28     Completed Date:  1987-08-28     Revised Date:  2008-02-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8207790     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Hypertens A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  369-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenal Glands / drug effects,  metabolism
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors*
Animals
Bicyclo Compounds / therapeutic use*
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Bridged Compounds / therapeutic use*
Catecholamines / biosynthesis
Heart Rate / drug effects
Male
Myocardium / metabolism
Ramipril
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Sympathetic Nervous System / drug effects*
Synapses / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Bicyclo Compounds; 0/Bridged Compounds; 0/Catecholamines; 87333-19-5/Ramipril

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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