Document Detail


Effects of chitooligosaccharide supplementation on performance, blood characteristics, relative organ weight, and meat quality in broiler chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19211530     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation with chitooligosaccharide (COS) on growth performance, blood characteristics, relative organ weight, and meat quality in broilers. A total of 480 broilers with an average initial BW of 45.04 g per chick were randomly allocated into 1 of the following 4 dietary treatments (20 broilers per pen with 6 pens per treatment): 1) CON (basal diet), 2) ANT (basal diet + 44 mg/kg of avilamycin), 3) COS0.2 (basal diet + 14 g/kg of COS), 4) COS0.4 (basal diet + 28 g/kg of COS). The experiment lasted for 5 wk and avilamycin was administered from d 0 to 21. Growth performance was measured on d 0, 21, and 35, and all other response criteria were measured on d 35. No change in feed conversion (G:F) was observed in response to any of the treatments throughout the experimental period (P > 0.05). However, BW gain and feed intake were greater (P < 0.05) in broilers provided with feed supplemented with COS than in those in the control group. In addition, broilers had significantly greater (P < 0.05) red blood cell and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations when they were provided with the COS0.4 diet, whereas the triglyceride concentration was lower (P < 0.05) in broilers in the COS0.2 treatment group. No other blood characteristics were affected by the treatments. Additionally, as the dietary COS concentration increased, the liver weight increased (P < 0.05). Conversely, as the concentrations of dietary COS increased, abdominal fat decreased (P < 0.05). Furthermore, meat yellowness decreased (P < 0.05) as the concentration of COS increased. Finally, the breast meat and abdominal fat of birds provided with feed supplemented with COS had a lower (P < 0.05) saturated fatty acid concentration but a greater concentration of total monounsaturated fatty acids (P < 0.05) than that of birds in the control. In conclusion, COS can improve the performance and breast meat quality of broilers while increasing the red blood cell and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations in blood. In addition, COS can induce a decrease in abdominal fat and improve meat quality.
Authors:
T X Zhou; Y J Chen; J S Yoo; Y Huang; J H Lee; H D Jang; S O Shin; H J Kim; J H Cho; I H Kim
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-12     Completed Date:  2009-04-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  593-600     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University, No. 29 Anseodong, Cheonan, Choongnam 330-714, South Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology,  drug effects
Animal Feed / analysis
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Animals
Bursa of Fabricius / anatomy & histology,  drug effects
Chickens / blood,  growth & development
Diet / veterinary
Dietary Supplements*
Gizzard / anatomy & histology,  drug effects
Liver / anatomy & histology,  drug effects
Meat / standards*
Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology,  drug effects
Oligosaccharides / pharmacology*
Organ Size
Spleen / anatomy & histology,  drug effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oligosaccharides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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