Document Detail


Effects of catholyte conditioning on electrokinetic extraction of copper from mine tailings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15992926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Effect of electrokinetic treatment on copper partitioning and distribution in mine tailings were studied. In particular the effects of catholyte enhancement by HAc-NaAc, HCl, HAc-NaAc+EDTA and lactic acid+NaOH were evaluated. The results show that conditioning the catholyte plays a very important role in improving Cu removal. When HAc-NaAc is used in the catholyte, the removal percentage of total Cu from the mine tailings sample reached 12.3% under 40 V in 15 days of treatment. The removal percentage of Cu increased to 31.2% when EDTA was used together with HAc-NaAc in the catholyte. At the same time, increasing the applied voltage and treatment time result in an increase in the Cu removal from the mine tailings. Compared with HAc-NaAc (pH=3.52), the use of lactic acid+NaOH (pH=3.15) in the catholyte resulted in better performance in Cu removal from the mine tailings. HCl treatment resulted in removal of about 17.5% of Cu from the mine tailings; however, it resulted in production of significant amounts of toxic chlorine gas. Copper partitioning in the mine tailings was analyzed before and after the electrokinetic treatments. The analysis was conducted using 0.25 mol/l MgCl2 and 0.5 mol/l HCl as extractants, consequently, to assess the mobility of Cu after treatment. The results showed that lowering the pH of the mine tailings increased the exchangeable Cu fraction (or the portion extracted by MgCl2). Accordingly, further acidification results in an increased mobility of Cu and increase in the environmental risk of mine tailings.
Authors:
Dong-Mei Zhou; Chang-Fen Deng; Akram N Alshawabkeh; Long Cang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environment international     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0160-4120     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Int     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-25     Completed Date:  2005-12-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807270     Medline TA:  Environ Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  885-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The State Key laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China. dmzhou@issas.ac.cn
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetic Acid / chemistry
China
Copper / chemistry,  isolation & purification*
Edetic Acid / chemistry
Electrochemistry
Environmental Pollution / prevention & control
Hydrochloric Acid / chemistry
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Industrial Waste* / analysis
Lactic Acid / chemistry
Mining
Oxidation-Reduction
Sodium Acetate / chemistry
Sodium Hydroxide / chemistry
Soil Pollutants / isolation & purification*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Industrial Waste; 0/Soil Pollutants; 1310-73-2/Sodium Hydroxide; 50-21-5/Lactic Acid; 60-00-4/Edetic Acid; 6131-90-4/Sodium Acetate; 64-19-7/Acetic Acid; 7440-50-8/Copper; 7647-01-0/Hydrochloric Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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