Document Detail


Effects on cardiopulmonary function and oxygen delivery of doses of romifidine and xylazine followed by constant rate infusions in standing horses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22841452     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to compare the cardiopulmonary effects of a xylazine or romifidine loading-dose, followed by a constant rate infusion (CRI) of the same α(2)-agonist. Nine research horses were treated in a randomized, blinded, crossover design with xylazine or romifidine. After instrumentation, a loading dose of intravenous xylazine (1mg/kg) or romifidine (80μg/kg) was administered, immediately followed by a CRI of xylazine (0.69mg/kg/h) or romifidine (30μg/kg/h) for a duration of 2h. Cardiopulmonary variables were recorded before bolus administration, during CRI, and for 1h after discontinuing drug administration. A significant decrease in haemoglobin concentration (tHb), arterial oxygen content (CaO(2)), oxygen delivery (D˙O(2)), mixed venous partial pressure of oxygen, heart rate, and cardiac output (Q˙t) followed the loading dose with both treatments. Carotid arterial blood pressure (ABP), systemic vascular resistance, and right atrial pressure (RAP) increased significantly. The increased ABP was followed by a significant decrease compared to baseline. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure increased significantly with romifidine only. No significant changes in stroke volume, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, and oxygen consumption were observed. Changes in Q˙t and RAP were more pronounced with romifidine. During CRI, tHb, and CaO(2) were significantly higher with romifidine, whereas D˙O(2) did not differ between treatments. Overall, cardiopulmonary effects were more pronounced and lasted longer with romifidine compared to xylazine. However, during CRI, there was no difference in D˙O(2) between drugs. With both α(2)-agonists, cardiovascular effects were most pronounced after loading dose administration and tended to stabilize during CRI.
Authors:
Simone K Ringer; Colin C Schwarzwald; Karine G Portier; Annette Ritter; Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2971     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706281     Medline TA:  Vet J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Equine Department, Anaesthesiology Section, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
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