Document Detail

Effects of cardiac surgery on intellectual function in infants and children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8782924     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intellectual function was evaluated by Gesell's developmental quotient (DQ) and Binet's intelligence quotient (IQ) in 161 infants and children (61 ventricular septal defects, 49 tetralogies of Fallot, 15 transpositions of the great arteries, seven atrial septal defects, five complete atrioventricular canals, five double outlet right ventricles and 19 shunt cases; average age 3.6 years) before and after cardiac surgery. There were no significant differences in preoperative DQs and IQs among the patient groups. Although average DQ scores in 21 infants with hypothermic (13-24 degrees C) total circulatory arrest (36-70 min) were not significantly different from the preoperative values, 13 patients with an arrest time > 50 min showed a significant decrease in DQ scores. The postoperative DQ and IQ scores in patients without circulatory arrest or in shunt cases were not significantly impaired after surgery. It was concluded that cardiac surgery did not impair intellectual function in infants and children, although cerebral dysfunction might occur if circulatory arrest was > 50 min.
K Haneda; T Itoh; T Togo; M Ohmi; H Mohri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular surgery (London, England)     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0967-2109     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc Surg     Publication Date:  1996 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-09     Completed Date:  1996-12-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9308765     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Damage, Chronic / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Child, Preschool
Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Arrest, Induced
Heart Defects, Congenital / physiopathology,  surgery*
Intelligence / physiology*
Postoperative Complications / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Stanford-Binet Test

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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