Document Detail


Effects of calcium on left ventricular function early after cardiopulmonary bypass.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9412886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of the effects of intravenous CaCl2 on systolic and diastolic function early after separation from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) DESIGN: Prospective study SETTING: University hospital PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients scheduled for elective coronary artery surgery INTERVENTIONS: Left ventricular (LV) pressures were measured with fluid-filled catheters. Data were digitally recorded during pressure elevation induced by tilt-up of the legs. Transgastric short-axis echocardiographic views of the LV were simultaneously recorded on videotape. Measurements were obtained before the start of CPB, 10 minutes after termination of CPB, after intravenous administration of CaCl2, 5 mg/kg, and 10 minutes later. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Systolic function was evaluated with the slope (Ees, mmHg/mL) of the systolic pressure-volume relation. Diastolic function was evaluated with the chamber stiffness constant (Kc, mmHg/mL) of the diastolic pressure-volume relation. CaCl2 increased Ees from 2.62 +/- 0.46 to 5.58 +/- 0.61 (mean +/- SD), but induced diastolic dysfunction with an increase in Kc from 0.011 +/- 0.006 to 0.019 +/- 0.007. These changes were transient and had disappeared within 10 minutes after administration of CaCl2. CONCLUSIONS: CaCl2 early after CPB transiently improved systolic function at the expense of an increase in ventricular stiffness, suggesting temporary diastolic dysfunction.
Authors:
S G DeHert; P W Ten Broecke; P A De Mulder; I E Rodrigus; L R Haenen; C J Boeckxstaens; K M Vermeyen; T C Gillebert; A C Moulijn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1053-0770     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-01-29     Completed Date:  1998-01-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  864-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Antwerp, University of Antwerp, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Calcium / pharmacology*
Cardiopulmonary Bypass*
Diastole / drug effects
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Stroke Volume / drug effects
Systole / drug effects
Ventricular Function, Left / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-70-2/Calcium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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