Document Detail


Effects of buccal nitrate on left ventricular haemodynamics and volume at rest and during exercise-induced angina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3935147     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A novel approach has been employed to characterize the effects of a cardioactive drug on left ventricular haemodynamics and volume by simultaneously determining cardiac stroke volume (thermodilution) and left ventricular ejection fraction (nuclear probe). The effects of glyceryl trinitrate were evaluated in 12 patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease at rest and 3, 7, 15 and 30 min following 10 mg buccal nitroglycerin (Suscard) administration. The impact of the drug on left ventricular haemodynamics and volume during exercise-induced angina was determined by repeating exercise 30 min following drug administration, at the workload that reliably induced angina during control exercise. At rest buccal nitroglycerin reduced systemic arterial pressure, cardiac and stroke volume indices, and increased heart rate. The left ventricular ejection fraction (E.F.) increased; its filling pressure together with end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were significantly reduced. Compared with control supine-bicycle exercise, the drug reduced mean systemic arterial pressure and left ventricular filling pressure without change in cardiac and stroke volume indices. There was a smaller increase in left ventricular volume during exercise, and the fall in E.F. was attenuated. These data demonstrated differential actions of glyceryl trinitrate on left ventricular function related to the physiological state in obstructive coronary artery disease. These techniques appear to hold promise in the evaluation of the effects of other therapies on left ventricular volume in coronary artery disease.
Authors:
B Silke; S P Verma; M A Frais; M Hafizullah; S H Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of clinical pharmacology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0306-5251     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Clin Pharmacol     Publication Date:  1985 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-02-17     Completed Date:  1986-02-17     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503323     Medline TA:  Br J Clin Pharmacol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
Exercise Test
Heart Function Tests
Heart Rate / drug effects
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Humans
Middle Aged
Nitroglycerin / pharmacology*
Stroke Volume / drug effects
Technetium / diagnostic use
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
55-63-0/Nitroglycerin; 7440-26-8/Technetium
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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