Document Detail


Effects of breed, heterosis, age of dam, litter size, and birth weight on lamb mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1885385     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sources of individual plus maternal effects on lamb mortality were studied in data collected at the U.S. Meat Animal Research Center from 1980 to 1985 for paternal and maternal breeds lambing yearly and for maternal breeds lambing at 8-mo intervals. Records included 16,881 lambs born. Breeds included were Finnsheep (F), Dorset (D), Rambouillet (R), Suffolk (S), Targhee (T), Composite 1 (C1 = F/2, D/4, R/4), Composite 2 (C2 = F/2, S/4, T/4), and Composite 3 (C3 = Columbia/2, S/4, Hampshire/4), Traits analyzed were perinatal, postnatal, and total mortality to 60 d of age and postnatal respiratory, digestive, starvation, injury, and other or unknown causes of mortality. The least squares analyses included breed, year, sire within breed-year, sex, linear and quadratic season and age of dam covariates (Model 1), plus litter size (Model 2), plus birth weight (Model 3), and significant two-way interactions. Age of dam, litter size, and birth weight all had important, often quadratic, effects that differed among breeds. Models 1, 2, and 3, respectively, reduced variation by 8, 10, and 16% for perinatal, 7, 8, and 12% for postnatal, and 9, 11, and 20% for total mortality. In Model 1, breed means ranged from 3.5 to 16.2% for perinatal, 7.2 to 21.1% for postnatal, and 16.7 to 32.8% for total mortality. Respiratory and starvation problems were major causes of postnatal mortality. Heterosis for lamb survival retained in composites was 9% for C1 and 18% for C2. Mortality was 1 to 5% higher for males than for females.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
L T Gama; G E Dickerson; L D Young; K A Leymaster
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1991 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-09     Completed Date:  1991-10-09     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2727-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Anim. Sci. Dept., University of Nebraska, Lincoln 68583-0908.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Animals, Newborn / genetics,  growth & development*
Birth Weight*
Breeding*
Female
Hybrid Vigor*
Litter Size
Male
Mortality
Pregnancy
Regression Analysis
Sex Factors
Sheep / genetics,  growth & development,  physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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