Document Detail


Effects of breathable disposable diapers: reduced prevalence of Candida and common diaper dermatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11576399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infants wearing breathable disposable diapers experienced significantly less diaper dermatitis (DD) compared to infants wearing standard, nonbreathable disposable diapers in a series of double-blind clinical trials. Severe DD, including confirmed infection with Candida albicans, was reduced by 38-50% among infants wearing highly breathable (HB) diapers. The prevalence of DD was inversely related to the breathability of the garments. The inhibitory effect of breathable diapers on the survival of Candida was further confirmed in controlled experiments with adult volunteers. A suspension of C. albicans cells was applied to delineated sites on the volar forearm. Each site was then covered by a full-thickness patch from either an HB or a standard diaper. Survival of Candida colonies was reduced by almost two-thirds in the breathable diaper-covered sites compared to the control sites.
Authors:
F Akin; M Spraker; R Aly; J Leyden; W Raynor; W Landin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric dermatology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0736-8046     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Dermatol     Publication Date:    2001 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-09-28     Completed Date:  2001-11-01     Revised Date:  2009-03-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406799     Medline TA:  Pediatr Dermatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Kimberly Clark Corporation, Roswell, Georgia 30076, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Candidiasis / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic
Diaper Rash / epidemiology*,  microbiology*
Disposable Equipment
Double-Blind Method
Female
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Infant Care / instrumentation*
Male
Prognosis
Reference Values
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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