Document Detail


Effects of bovine alpha-lactalbumin and casein glycomacropeptide-enriched infant formulae on faecal microbiota in healthy term infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17130747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Certain milk factors may promote the growth of a host-friendly gastrointestinal microbiota, for example, one that is predominated by bifidobacteria, a perceived health-promoting genus. This may explain why breast-fed infants experience fewer intestinal infections than their formula-fed counterparts who are believed to have a more diverse microbiota, which is similar to that of adults. The effects of formulas supplemented with 2 such ingredients from bovine milk, alpha-lactalbumin (alpha-lac) and casein glycomacropeptide (GMP), on gut flora were investigated in this study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Six-week-old (4-8 wk), healthy term infants were randomised to a standard infant formula or 1 of 2 test formulae enriched in alpha-lac with higher or lower GMP until 6 months. Faecal bacteriology was determined by the culture-independent procedure fluorescence in situ hybridisation. RESULTS: There was a large fluctuation of bacterial counts within groups with no statistically significant differences between groups. Although all groups showed a predominance of bifidobacteria, breast-fed infants had a small temporary increase in counts. Other bacterial levels varied in formula-fed groups, which overall showed an adult-like faecal microflora. CONCLUSIONS: It can be speculated that a prebiotic effect for alpha-lac and GMP is achieved only with low starting populations of beneficial microbiota (eg, infants not initially breast-fed.
Authors:
Wolfram M Brück; Michele Redgrave; Kieran M Tuohy; Bo Lönnerdal; Gitte Graverholt; Olle Hernell; Glenn R Gibson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1536-4801     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-28     Completed Date:  2006-12-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  673-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Food Microbial Sciences Unit, School of Food Biosciences, The University of Reading, Reading, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Caseins / administration & dosage*
Cattle
Colony Count, Microbial
Double-Blind Method
Feces / microbiology*
Glycopeptides
Humans
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Infant
Infant Formula* / chemistry
Lactalbumin / administration & dosage*
Milk, Human* / chemistry
Weaning
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Caseins; 0/Glycopeptides; 9013-90-5/Lactalbumin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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