Document Detail


Effects of body posture and tidal volume on inter- and intraregional ventilation distribution in healthy men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11796675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The influences of body posture and tidal volume (VT) on inter- and intraregional ventilation inhomogeneity were assessed by normalized phase III slope (Sn(III)) analysis of multiple-breath washout recordings of SF(6) and He in 11 healthy men. Washouts with target VT of 750, 1,000, and 1,250 ml were performed standing and supine. A linear-fit method was used to establish the contributions of convection-dependent (interregional) (cdi) and diffusion-convection interaction-dependent (intraregional) inhomogeneity (dcdi). Overall inhomogeneity was defined as the sum of cdi and dcdi. The difference in first-breath Sn(III) for SF(6) vs. He, the (SF(6) - He)Sn(III), served as an index of intra-acinar inhomogeneity. Multiple-regression analysis revealed greater cdi supine vs. standing (P < 0.001) but no significant effects of posture on dcdi or overall inhomogeneity. Larger VT were associated with greater cdi (P < 0.001), particularly when supine, but reduced dcdi (P < 0.001), overall inhomogeneity (P < 0.001), and (SF(6) - He)Sn(III) (P = 0.031). In conclusion, during resting breathing overall and intraregional ventilation inhomogeneities remain unchanged when the supine posture is assumed and improve with larger VT, but supine posture and larger breaths result in greater interregional inhomogeneities.
Authors:
Mikael Grönkvist; Eddie Bergsten; Per M Gustafsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  92     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-17     Completed Date:  2002-04-08     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  634-42     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Swedish Defense Research Agency, Department of Defense Medicine, S-580 13 Linköping, Sweden. mikgro@foi.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Functional Residual Capacity
Helium
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Posture / physiology*
Pulmonary Ventilation
Respiration
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena*
Sulfur Hexafluoride
Tidal Volume
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
2551-62-4/Sulfur Hexafluoride; 7440-59-7/Helium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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