Document Detail


Effects of bicycle frame ergonomics on triathlon 10-km running performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11055818     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is perceived that, during the triathlon or duathlon, cycling with a steep (> 76 degrees) rather than a shallow (< 76 degrees ) frame geometry might attenuate the fatigue associated with progression from the cycle to run disciplines and improve subsequent 10-km running performance. This is based on anecdotal testimony from athletes purporting to have experienced improved performance; no empirical evidence exists. To evaluate this view, eight male triathletes completed a counterbalanced, 40-km cycle ride at two frame geometries (73 degrees and 81 degrees) at approximately 70% VO2peak. Immediately after completion of each 40-km cycle, a self-paced 10-km treadmill time trial was undertaken, during which physiological, kinematic and performance variables were measured. The 10-km run performance (mean +/- s: 42:55 +/- 4:19 vs 46:15 +/- 4:52 min; P< 0.01) and combined cycle and run performance (1:45:49 +/- 5:45 vs 1:50:33 +/- 6:08; P< 0.001) were faster in the 81 degrees than the 73 degrees condition. Improvements in performance were most prominent during the first 5 km of the run (21:41 +/- 2:15 vs 24:15 +/- 2:31 min in the 81 degrees and 73 degrees conditions respectively). These improvements were not evident during the second 5 km of the run. No differences in physiological variables were noted, although heart rate, stride length and stride frequency were increased during the 81 degrees condition (P < 0.05). Modifying frame geometry from a seat tube angle of 73 degrees to 81 degrees improves 10-km running and combined cycle plus run performance. These improvements in performance might relate to alterations during the cycling phase, which minimizes the 'residual effect' of this (i.e. the adverse changes in substrate availability, thermoregulatory, cardiovascular and biomechanical factors felt immediately after transition from cycling to running) and attenuates negative changes in physiological and kinematic responses during the 10-km run.
Authors:
I Garside; D A Doran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports sciences     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0264-0414     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci     Publication Date:  2000 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-24     Completed Date:  2001-02-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405364     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  825-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Henry Cotton Campus, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Bicycling / physiology*
Biomechanics
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology
Equipment Design
Fatigue / prevention & control
Heart / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Human Engineering*
Humans
Lactates / blood
Lung / physiology
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Perception / physiology
Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
Running / physiology*
Sports Equipment*
Surface Properties
Swimming / physiology
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lactates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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