Document Detail

Effects of bicarbonate, citrate, and phosphate loading on performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7550253     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Since the 1930s, scientists have attempted to determine if increasing the body's ability to buffer metabolic acids will enhance physical performance. The buffer of major interest has been bicarbonate; to a lesser degree, citrate and phosphate salts have been investigated. In theory, the buffers facilitate performance by decreasing the accumulation of hydrogen ions that would otherwise presumably inhibit glycolysis and interfere with energy production or impair cross-bridge formation between myofilaments and thereby reduce force production. Literature findings indicate variable results, but overall it appears that bicarbonate salts taken at dosages of 0.3 may improve performance during repeated sprints or at the end of a progressively more intense exercise test. Athletes are advised of potential ill effects of bicarbonate ingestion, such as gastrointestinal distress. Prior to applying the agents in a competitive setting, athletes should test the effects of buffers on performance during training sessions and consider the sport governing body's stand on buffer usage.
C A Horswill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sport nutrition     Volume:  5 Suppl     ISSN:  1050-1606     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sport Nutr     Publication Date:  1995 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-10-30     Completed Date:  1995-10-30     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307702     Medline TA:  Int J Sport Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S111-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gatorade Exercise Physiology Lab, Barrington, IL 60010, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Bicarbonates / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  pharmacology*
Citrates / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Exercise Test
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Phosphates / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Physical Endurance / drug effects*,  physiology
Running / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bicarbonates; 0/Buffers; 0/Citrates; 0/Phosphates

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