Document Detail

Effects of audio relaxation programs for blood pressure reduction in older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19574102     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Stress management is one element of the lifestyle modification that is recommended for blood pressure control. Reduction in sympathetic arousal may be achieved through a series of audio relaxation training. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term effects of two audio relaxation programs for blood pressure reduction in older adults. METHODS: This clinical randomized study consists of 12-sessions of intervention, with one-month and three-month follow up measures. 41 older adults were randomly assigned to either listening to a 12-minute audio relaxation program or a 12-minute Mozart andante. At each session, blood pressures were recorded. RESULTS: For both groups, the reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressures after the 12-session intervention training was statistically and clinically significant. The reduction in systolic blood pressure was greater in the audio relaxation group than the Mozart group. The adherence to the program at one-month and three-month was 54% and 66% respectively. The blood pressure at one-month and three-month were not significantly different than the initial measurement. CONCLUSIONS: Significant blood pressure reduction can be achieved through a brief 12-minute audio relaxation program with older adults. Guided relaxation may be more effective in lowering blood pressure than plain music.
Hsin-Yi Jean Tang; Verna Harms; Sarah M Speck; Toni Vezeau; Jill T Jesurum
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1873-1953     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-27     Completed Date:  2010-02-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128793     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  329-36     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
901 12th Avenue, P.O. BOX 222000, College of Nursing, Seattle University, Seattle,Washington 98122-1090, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Breathing Exercises
Hypertension / therapy*
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Life Style
Relaxation Therapy*
Stress, Psychological / prevention & control*

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