Document Detail

Effects of arteriovenous fistula formation on arterial stiffness and cardiovascular performance and function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21317408     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the vascular access of choice and its use cf. catheters is associated with sustained reduction in mortality. This may be due to factors beyond dialysis catheter-associated sepsis. This study aimed to investigate the impact of AVF formation on the spectrum of cardiovascular factors that might be important in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. METHODS: We recruited 43 pre-dialysis patients who underwent AVF formation. Patients were studied 2 weeks prior to AVF operation and 2 weeks and 3 months post-operatively. Haemodynamic variables were measured using pulse wave analysis, carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) by applanation tonometry and AVF blood flow by Doppler ultrasound. Bioimpedence analysis was performed and patients underwent serial transthoracic echocardiography. RESULTS: AVF formation was successful in 30/43 patients. Two weeks post-operatively, total peripheral resistance decreased (-17 ± 18%, P = 0.001), stroke volume tended to rise (12 ± 30 mL, P = 0.053) and both heart rate (4 ± 8 bpm, P = 0.01) and cardiac output (1.1 ± 1.5 L/min, P = 0.001) increased. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (BPs) reduced (-9 ± 18 mmHg; -9 ± 10 mmHg; ≤P = 0.006) and CF-PWV reduced (-1.1 ± 1.5 m/s, P = 0.004). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) increased (6 ± 8%, P < 0.001). All the observed changes were largely maintained after 3 months. No change in hydration status/body composition was observed. CONCLUSIONS: AVF formation resulted in a sustained reduction in arterial stiffness and BP as well as an increase in LVEF. Overall, post-AVF adaptations might be characterized as potentially beneficial in these patients and supports the widespread use of native vascular access, including older or cardiovascular compromised individuals.
Shvan Korsheed; Mohamed T Eldehni; Stephen G John; Richard J Fluck; Christopher W McIntyre
Related Documents :
3024888 - Baroreflex sensitivity alteration following transient hemispheric ischaemia in rats: pr...
2660598 - Central effect of endothelin on blood pressure in conscious rats.
19816038 - Gonadectomy influences blood pressure through the kallikrein-kinin system.
755648 - Differential development of renal, doca-salt, and spontaneous hypertension in the rat a...
14504728 - Do different mattresses affect the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation?
7002568 - Antihypertensive and renal effects of orally administered verapamil.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2385     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Derby Hospital, Derby, UK.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Obstructive sleep apnea: a stand-alone risk factor for chronic kidney disease.
Next Document:  Evalutation of mycophenolic acid systemic exposure by limited sampling strategy in kidney transplant...