Document Detail

Effects of antioxidant-rich foods on vascular reactivity: review of the clinical evidence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17045078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The foods and nutrients discussed in this paper are components of dietary patterns that have been associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk. The focus of this review is on the effects of antioxidant foods on vascular health and discussion of their potential mechanisms of action. The foods reviewed include fruits and vegetables, red grapes and red wine, tea, cocoa/chocolate, and olive oil. The primary challenge in studying the cardioprotective components of a dietary pattern is in identifying mechanism(s) of action as well as the bioactive nutrients responsible. In selecting papers for this review, we focused on studies of whole foods and beverages that met the following criteria: 1) they are commonly consumed in typical diets, 2) they appear to have direct antioxidant effects, and 3) they have demonstrated effects on endothelial function in several human studies. The evidence presented herein suggests that dietary consumption of fruits and vegetables, red grapes and red wine, tea, chocolate, and olive oil may improve vascular reactivity, in part, by attenuating the adverse effects of oxidation on endothelial function. Additional research is needed to better understand the mechanism(s) by which antioxidant-rich foods and beverages favorably affect endothelial function and the extent to which this reflects direct antioxidant effects.
Colin D Kay; Penny M Kris-Etherton; Sheila G West
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current atherosclerosis reports     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1523-3804     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-18     Completed Date:  2007-01-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897685     Medline TA:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  510-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Antioxidants / pharmacology*
Cardiovascular Diseases / diet therapy*,  physiopathology
Food, Fortified*
Vascular Resistance / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:

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