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Effects of anti-lipid peroxidases on frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21487923     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study evaluated the effects of anti-lipid peroxidases when supplemented to the thawing and incubation media of frozen-thawed boar spermatozoa. Semen pellets were thawed and incubated in media with 1.0 mM α-tocopherol or diethylenetriamine. After 1 h, the acrosome reaction was induced using calcium ionophore A23187, and acrosomes were evaluated using Wells-Awa staining. The number of spermatozoa with fragmented DNA was evaluated using silver staining after single-cell gel electrophoresis. Membrane lipid peroxidation was measured by the end point generation of malondialdehyde. The diethylenetriamine-supplemented media had a higher (P < 0.05) percentage of acrosome-reacted spermatozoa (84.4 ± 4.1%) compared to the control (78.3 ± 4.2%) and α-tocopherol-supplemented (78.0 ± 3.9%). The control had a higher (P < 0.05) percentage of spermatozoa with fragmented DNA (59.3 ± 4.3%) compared to the DETA (28.7 ± 4.1%) and α-tocopherol supplementation (28.0 ± 3.8%). Spermatozoa supplemented with diethylenetriamine had higher amounts (P < 0.05) of malondialdehyde generated (3.60 ± 0.05 μM/10(7) cells) compared to the α-tocopherol supplementation (0.14 ± 0.05 μM/10(7) cells) and the control (0.12 ± 0.05 μM/10(7) cells). These results indicate that supplementing with either 1.0 mM diethylenetriamine or α-tocopherol during semen thawing and incubation protects against DNA fragmentation, and diethylenetriamine increases the percent of spermatozoa capable of completing the acrosome reaction that could induce membrane lipid peroxidation.
Authors:
Sarah J Casey; Rachel Taupier; Brian D Whitaker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  In vitro cellular & developmental biology. Animal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1543-706X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9418515     Medline TA:  In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, Ferrum College, Ferrum, VA, 24088, USA.
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